JISS Policy Papers are published through the generosity of the Greg Rosshandler Family.
Missiles and UAVs in the Battle for Freedom of Navigation in the Red Sea
While the effectiveness of the anti-ship weapons used by the Houthis against cargo vessels and warships appears to be quite limited – both due to technical restrictions and interception by US and UK warships – they still are effective enough to threaten freedom of navigation in the Red Sea and disrupt maritime supply lines from East Asia to Europe and the Middle East. If the current "Swords of Iron" campaign escalates into a full-scale war along Israel's northern border, decision-makers in Jerusalem will have to take into account the potential of Hezbollah and pro-Iranian militias in Syria and Iraq
Hitching the cart before the horse: A grand regional bargain cannot be advanced unless Iran is dealt with first
Without real action against Iran and its proxies, few if any in the region would feel safe signing on to the well-meant but ultimately delusional designs presented by Secretary of State Blinken in Munich.
Israel must go ahead with an operation in Rafah
An IDF operation in the Rafah arena and along the Philadelphi Corridor is of great importance for several reasons. First, they are Hamas' last organized stronghold in the Gaza Strip, and the elimination of Hamas' military capabilities will not be achieved without the destruction of the battalions stationed there. Second, Israel must remove Hamas’ governmental capabilities in this area. Third, in order to free hostages, it is essential to reach the areas where they are held. Moreover, we need to realize that Israeli communities in areas opposite Rafah will not return to their homes if operational Hamas battalions are
Tehran’s Armenian weapons supply route
Armenia is one of several routes used by Iran to smuggle arms to its regional proxies and clients. It also manufactures its own versions of Russian weapons that are used only by these groups and provides them with the knowledge to locally manufacture Iranian arms.
The Reforms Needed for Israel’s National Security
The October 7 attack on Israel highlights why Israel requires a written strategy that can address the various threats it faces across the region, as well as its engagement opportunities and how to deepen ties with the United States while avoiding over-dependence. Israel must improve its national security decision-making to secure its place in a volatile region.
As Egypt faces economic and strategic challenges, It is in Israel’s Interest to uphold its role in Gaza
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi won a fully expected victory in the December 2023 elections for another term – with some 90% of the vote: This however does little to provide a solution for his country's acute problems.
Is the United States really helping Israel in its economic campaign against Hamas
While the US has designated a number of Hamas financiers and taken other economic sanctions against the organization since the start of the Gaza war, its measures appear to be no more that going through the motiions and messaging that it is continuing to take action against terrorism.” In practice, however, the American measures are an yet another indication of the growing decline in recent years in the power and ability of the United States to wage economic campaigns against terrorist organizations, rogue states, and China. We are witnessing a significant erosion in the effectiveness of one of the
Changes in the military deployment of the United States and their implications for Israel’s wars in the region
At the start of the Gaza War, President Biden warned Iran and its proxies against launching an all-out attack on Israel and sent aircraft carriers to the region to clarify his intentions. The withdrawal of the Gerald R. Ford carrier from the Mediterranean could be interpreted as a sign of American weakness, diminish deterrence of Iran, and undermine US mediation efforts in Lebanon.
Will the existing conscription model meet the needs of the IDF after the Gaza war?
Israel will need a much larger army to fight a multi-front war, some of those now receiving early discharges may stay in service for longer periods since stricter criteria for release will be put in force. One lesson of the present war is a renewed recognition of border defense so the IDF will invest more resources in training and deploying forces for this mission along with the continued preparation for a broader war.