Even an interim Israeli government can build in Jerusalem, counter the intrusions of foreign agents, and invest in all sectors of Israel’s national capital.
Anybody who visited Jerusalem over the recent holiday period could not help but notice the garbage overflowing in every corner. It was no surprise that outgoing State Comptroller Yosef Shapira, a Jerusalemite, focused his very last report this month on the neglect in Jerusalem.
“In prominent tourist areas,” he wrote, “like Christians St., Hagai St. and adjacent alleyways in the vicinity of the Damascus and Lions’ Gate, we found piles of rubbish, trash bags hanging on the gate, overflowing waste bins and debris floating in the fountains. In addition, large litter containers near the Tower of David and at Mount Zion were open and surrounded by filth.”
The report also examined other tourist areas like the Armon Hanatziv Promenade, the Mount Scopus Promenade and the Tzurim Valley Trail and found urine stains, foul odors, exposed wiring and scattered garbage.
Moshe Leon, the new mayor of Jerusalem, has declared cleaning the city as one of his top priorities, and that’s fine. But this needs to become a national effort, with significant funding (which the tax-base-poor Jerusalem municipality doesn’t have). This must involve thousands of (Jewish and non-Jewish) sanitation employees – at work even on Shabbat and religious holidays.
This is a matter of self-interest – if Israel wants the city to sparkle as a Jewish and global attraction; but it is mainly a matter of self-respect.
Buttressing Jerusalem is a herculean task that goes beyond spring-cleaning. The Comptroller’s report points to lacunae in heritage site preservation, security, social services and more. To his list, three critical challenges need to be added: building, countering hostile forces, and good governance in eastern Jerusalem.
The city needs a minimum of 6,000 new apartments a year just to keep up with natural growth, never mind effectuating a renewed Zionist conquest of the city with young families – and we’re nowhere near that. Urban renewal and downtown high-rise projects constitute a drop in the bucket.
Unfortunately, there has been near zero construction in Jerusalem over the past decade, throughout the Barak Obama years and even today since Donald Trump became US president. (American pressures are key factor because almost all available land for Jerusalem housing is over the stale Green Line).
The government has barely tapped the housing potential in places like Atarot, Gilo, Givat Hamatos, Har Homa, Pisgat Zeev, Ramat Shlomo and Ramot. Worse still, it hasn’t advanced the 50,000 homes that can be built in the E-1 quadrant east of the city.
Every Israeli Prime Minister since Yitzhak Rabin has planned and promised to build in E-1, for salient reasons: municipal and strategic imperatives that have only grown with time. E-1 is critical for the Zionist future of the city, and for Israel’s long-term security.
Palestinians and Europeans argue that Israeli development of E-1 would bifurcate the contiguous land mass that they hope to attain for Palestinian statehood. Outrageously, the EU is even funding the establishment of unauthorized Palestinian and Bedouin settlements in E-1 to create facts-on-the-ground and prevent Israeli development in this zone.
But the accusation of “bifurcation” is a red herring, as is the demand for territorial contiguity. It is quite clear that any Israeli-Palestinian arrangement in Judea and Samaria is going to involve blocs and bypasses, overpasses and underpasses, detour roads and shared spaces. There are multiple, creative ways of creating livable contiguity and transportation contiguity (instead of territorial contiguity) in what will always be a complicated mesh of West Bank populations, Arab and Jewish.
E-1 is the least of problems in this regard. So, Israel’s desire to build there isn’t a bar to peace with a serious Palestinian partner; which, alas, Israel doesn’t have.
Israel’s second major challenge is countering the subversion of Israeli sovereignty in eastern Jerusalem by radical Islamic groups, foreign actors like Turkey, and Palestinian authorities.
According to Dr. David Koren of JISS, foreign troublemakers are becoming ever-more brazen and omnipresent. They engage in covert and overt activities, both legal and illegal, ideological and concrete, in the civilian and security spheres. They have little interest in improving the lives of Jerusalemite Arabs, but to rather seek to undermine Israeli administration of the city. And some of the bad actors pump messaging supportive of terrorism against Israel and Jews.
Overall, they discourage Jerusalemite Arabs from behaving as residents of the city with equal rights and duties and seek to prevent their healthy interaction with the Israeli government and its institutions and with Israeli society in general.
Israel must push back hard. Mainly, this means real and good governance; more intensive civilian investment in the eastern part of the city. Foreign intruders are most active in civilian fields and geographic areas where Israeli administration and services are inadequate.
The outgoing Netanyahu government and Jerusalem municipal administration of Nir Barkat made a good start on this, funding a five-year NIS 2.1 billion masterplan for eastern Jerusalem infrastructure, education, planning and building, sports, employment, health and welfare.
But the challenge remains enormous, particularly regarding health and education. Israeli HMOs (kupot cholim) operate in eastern Jerusalem through a series of Arab middlemen who are basically mafia dons, who provide the lowest possible level of services while making fortunes themselves. The Ministry of Health must intervene to break this corrupt system.
The education system in eastern Jerusalem, with more than 105,000 children, is short 1,500 classrooms, which cost NIS 1 million each to build. The city is building 7 to 10 new schools each year, but this is not nearly enough, and there is an acute shortage of qualified school principals and Hebrew teachers.
Even an interim Israeli government can stop dithering on construction, rebuff deleterious foreign pressures, and invest in all sectors of Israel’s national capital. It can reestablish forward Zionist momentum – for the greater good of both Arab and Jewish residents, and to secure the national goal of a united, livable and luminous Jerusalem.
A version of this article was published in The Jerusalem Post, 06.06.2019
JISS Policy Papers are published through the generosity of the Greg Rosshandler Family.