China’s Vision of a World Order – Global Security and Ukraine Initiatives as Case Studies
China’s recent initiatives for global security – including its mediation in the Saudi-Iran rapprochement and offering a position paper for a solution in Ukraine – demonstrate the strengthening of ties with Russia, and its outreach both to Europe and countries of the ‘Global South’ that would prefer to avoid aligning with the West on geopolitical issues. Hence, it is essential to delve deeper into the detailed “Global Security Initiative” to understand China’s vision for its preferred world order and the accompanying roadmap to get there. This article analyzes this initiative.
A New Global Order? Israel’s Relations with China and Russia in Light of the War in Ukraine
Despite their mutual support throughout the first hundred days of the war, Russia and China continue to have competing interests. Whereas Israel needs to be more responsive to Washington's concerns about its two global competitors, it must also be mindful of populist calls to destabilize relations with Moscow and Beijing.
Biden, Israel, and China: Making a Difficult Threesome Work
It is wrong to expect Israel, a middle-level economy, to decouple from China when far wealthier countries (including the United States) show no signs of following suit. Israeli companies should not be subject to restrictions not placed on companies elsewhere, including the United States itself.
The Hong Kong National Security Law and its Implications for Middle Powers
In May 2021, an Israeli company became the first documented case of China imposing free expression limitations on a foreign business under the 2020 Hong Kong National Security Law. Democracies must ensure that their citizens are not prosecuted for exercising their basic rights.
China’s Alternative Vision for Gulf Security
Trump's Middle East peace plan and the recent Israel-Arab peace accords limit Chinese influence in the region. Countering this, China is advancing a collective security concept for the region based on the JCPOA. The US and Israel must stymie this Chinese gambit and reinforce the Abraham Accords.
China’s View of the Abraham Accords
China aims to play a more proactive role in the Middle East, maintaining cordial relations with all rival countries. Beijing attaches great importance to its ties with Saudi Arabia, the Emirates and Egypt, and therefore has welcomed the Abraham Accords (albeit in lukewarm fashion, because of tensions with the Trump administration).